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In the wake of the 1946 Irene Morgan ruling, the Congress of Racial Equality, or CORE, founded by FOR staff members James Farmer, George Houser, and Bernice Fisher, sponsored the Journey of Reconciliation, the first Freedom Ride against southern segregation.
By 1947, Rustin was treasurer of the CORE and co-secretary of race relations for FOR-USA. Despite court rulings chipping away at Jim Crow, they felt an on-the-ground campaign was needed to assert the right to desegregated travel. To make the Morgan decision a reality, the two groups organized the Journey of Reconciliation.
Journey of Reconciliation, or “First Freedom Ride,” challenged state segregation laws on interstate buses in the South through nonviolent direct action. Bayard Rustin and 18 other men and women were the early organizers of the two-week journey on April 9, 1947. Participants began their journey in Washington DC, traveled as far south as North Carolina, and returned to DC. The journey inspired the Freedom Rides in the 1960s and early 1970s of the Civil Rights Movement.
The riders suffered several arrests, notably in North Carolina. The NAACP and Thurgood Marshall regarded direct action with skepticism, who feared much violence and little progress toward civil rights. There was limited legal assistance from the NAACP available to those arrested. Bayard Rustin believed that the Journey of Reconciliation and other actions challenging segregation during this time influenced the eventual ruling of the US Supreme Court in 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education. In its decision, the Supreme Court declared segregated schools to be unconstitutional.
Join us starting Thur, Jan 27th for our monthly online book club. Dr. Fernando Ona, the inaugural recipient of the Walter Wink & June Keener Wink Fellowship, will lead the group through Walter Wink’s “The Powers That Be.” Please register here: #bookclub https://t.co/Azg2t6Kf2hRead More
Join us at 4pm EST on January 18th for our "Brothers in the Beloved Community" book talk with @BishopMarc Register today here: Don't forget to like and share this post, theres still plenty of time to grab your seat! @ParallaxPress @EPFNational #forusa https://t.co/zSzzuFy5CORead More
As we prepare to celebrate Dr. King & #MLKDay, FOR is proud to share a new CURRICULUM & STUDY GUIDE for our 1957 comic book, "Martin Luther King and the Montgomery Story" - to recall, reexamine & connect current struggles to #MontgomeryBusBoycott + more. https://t.co/Z5SnN3px0fRead More
RT @nytimes: The writer and poet Maya Angelou has become the first Black woman to be featured on a quarter. The coins began shipping this w…Read More
RT @Dr_Maha_Hilal: Today is the 20th anniversary of the opening of #GuantanamoBay prison, one of the oldest, most infamous relics of the #W…Read More
RT @WitnessTorture: From the very beginning, of the 780 people at Guantanamo, only a handful of those people have been convicted of terrori…Read More
Fellowship of Reconciliation USA (FOR-USA) is the largest interfaith peace fellowship leading the charge on today’s most pressing human and civil rights issues through advocacy, activism, and educational programs.