Can Afghans convince us that the method of war doesn’t work?
If we’re still quietly hoping that wars will end and people all over the world will get along peacefully, the dreams and demands of the Helmand Peace Convoy should give us courage and evidence.
When Amanullah Khateb joined the Convoy, now called the People’s Peace Movement (PPM), he didn’t know that he would not see his wife again. With poor access to healthcare services, she recently died of appendicitis, leaving behind Khateb and three children.
But Khateb wants peace so intensely that he rejoined the PPM after his wife’s funeral. This desire is shared by each of the members of the PPM. They want all groups involved in the Afghan war to stop fighting, including the Taliban and the U.S./NATO and Afghan forces.
Muhammad Ahmadi from Nuristan Province, told Radio Liberty’s Pashto service that “Afghan peace is needed for Afghans like water for a thirsty man.”
These Afghans aren’t political or peace activists. They are farmers, laborers, students, teachers, fathers, mothers, and siblings who have tasted the failure of war. For them, war not only doesn’t work, it results in more war, verifying a report that in the ongoing “global war against terrorism” from 2001 to 2015, terrorism increased nine-fold.
This increase in terrorism is despite huge war investments in Helmand over the past 17 years, recorded under different names such as Operation Enduring Freedom, Mountain Thrust, Volcano, Kryptonite, Silver as part of Operation Achilles, Silicon, Pickaxe-Handle, Hammer, Eagles’ Eye, Red Dagger, Blue Sword, Panther’s Claw, Khanjar, Moshtarak…
Britain’s Afghan envoy between 2007 and 2010, Sherard Cowper-Coles, reviewed “Investment in Blood: the True Cost of Britain’s Afghan War” by Frank Ledwidge and wrote of the utter, unanswerable folly of Britain’s military intervention in Helmand.
In 2013, while on his tour of duty in Helmand, Prince Harry had said that shooting Hellfire Missiles at insurgents was like “playing video games.” In response, the Taliban said that Prince Harry had probably developed a mental problem. The Taliban themselves have mental illnesses. Afghan psychiatrist Dr. Nader Alemi treated the Taliban as human beings though he disagreed with their ideology. He described his Taliban patients as “depressed because they never knew what would happen from one minute to the next.” They were so depressed “many wanted to die.” The Taliban would weep and Dr. Nader would comfort them.
The psychological trauma and physical deprivations that war imposes on Afghan children, like 15-year-old Kahar, should also alert us. With his family, Kahar was displaced from Helmand to Kabul, where he attended the Borderfree Street Kids School run by the Afghan Peace Volunteers. Kahar said, “I fled from war in Helmand. I want to live in Kabul or anywhere that is good.”
But instead, Kabul’s security deteriorated. Kahar and his family returned from the frying pan into fiery Helmand, where it was reported in 2017 that “over the past 15 years, Helmand had lost 18,000 policemen,” and where, in July 2018, six-hundred-thousand children were reported to be deprived of an education.
What more, the older members of the PPM have tasted another crisis that was ignored amidst the frenzy and fray of war: by 2001, the Hamoun Oasis of the Sistan in Helmand was turning from a wetland to a dry wasteland. The desert was getting more desert-y.
A similar water and war crisis is gripping Afghanistan today, with many people in Ghor, Baghdis, Faryab, and Jowzjan fleeing drought, hunger, and war to take refuge elsewhere.
People just cannot survive.
Therefore, the PPM had every good reason to erect a tent outside the British Embassy in Kabul and to demand that the U.K. help to end the war. To them, ending the war is a matter of life and death.
The Afghan Peace Volunteers (APVs) met the PPM members in their blue tent last Sunday. Iqbal Khyber, one of the representatives of the PPM, told the APVs, “We’ve been inspired by your story, and have worn the Borderfree Blue Scarves, telling people that peace is the wish of Peace Volunteers from Bamiyan.” Bamiyan was where the work of the APVs began, but the Volunteers responded, “The scarves really represent everyone’s desire to have peace, so please tell others the scarves represent the wish of the people.”
One of the APVs, Ghulam Hussein, asked, “Are you eventually going to form an organization?”
Iqbal replied, “No, we want this to be a people’s movement. We won’t accept monetary support from any government or political group, and we don’t want power. When we’ve achieved peace, we will go back to what we were doing, farming, livestock keeping, teaching…”
That hot summer morning, in the tent, there was clear and beautiful evidence that “We are many.”
Awake, arise, smile, walk!
Dr. Hakim (Dr. Teck Young, Wee) is a medical doctor from Singapore who has done humanitarian and social enterprise work in Afghanistan for more than 10 years, including being a mentor to the Afghan Peace Volunteers, an inter-ethnic group of young Afghans dedicated to building nonviolent alternatives to war. He is the 2012 recipient of the Fellowship of Reconciliation’s International Pfeffer Peace Award and the 2017 recipient of the Singapore Medical Association Merit Award for contributions in social service to communities.
Photos of the Afghan Peace Volunteers with members of the Peoples Peace Movement (credit: Dr. Hakim).